woman upset with man in background

What Are Trauma Bonds?

Trauma bonds are formed when a person feels affection and trust for their partner when they are in a dysfunctional or abusive relationship. This can occur in a variety of different relationships. Common toxic relationships include domestic violence, dysfunctional marriages, and relationships with a narcissist or a person with an addiction.  Trauma bonds can also…

Woman in distress

Symptoms of PTSD

There are a variety of different symptoms of PTSD that can be useful in determining if a person needs a little extra help recovering from trauma.  What is PTSD? Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a condition that may develop after experiencing or witnessing an extreme event such as war, a natural disaster, sexual violence, or…